Tour to Lychakiv Cemetery in Lviv: graves of famous people, interesting facts

Historical reference

Lychakiv cemetery has existed since the 16th century, but even back in the 13th century, victims of the plague were buried here. It was officially opened in 1786, when the Austrian Emperor Joseph II forbade the burial of the dead in cemeteries near city churches. Then four cemeteries were opened on the outskirts of Lviv, of which only the Lychakiv necropolis has survived to this day. Now the entrance to the Lychakiv cemetery is located on Mechnikov Street.

There are also many legends about the cemetery

TOUR TO LYCHAKIV CEMETERY — HERE

The area of ​​Lychakiv Cemetery is about 42 hectares; it is divided into 86 fields with more than 300,000 burials. The reserve has more than 3 thousand sculptures and monuments by famous architects and sculptors of the world. Among them are such outstanding masters as Tadeusz Barącz, Eugenie Dzindra, Vitold Ravsky and Paul Eutele.

What is interesting?

This is a place of eternal rest for outstanding and unknown personalities of Ukraine, Poland, Hungary, and Austria. Many of the tombs are beautifully decorated with sculptures and are real masterpieces. They are valuable architectural monuments and are famous for interesting stories of their creation. Each monument has certain symbolic subtext. For example, cut tree branch is a symbol of a young life that broke off in an instant. The sculptures above the tombs convey many interesting elements that tell about the content of the life of the deceased.

LVIV TOURS — HERE

The first memorial here was created in the 1920s, but it was destroyed by the Soviet authorities after the Second World War. That is, Soviet authorities did almost same with the Polish graves as the Poles did with the Hill of Glory. Work on its restoration began in the 1990s, but was slow due to conflicts with the Ukrainian authorities.

Graves of famous Ukrainians

Markian Shashkevich (died 1843)

One of the founders of the Russophile movement in Galicia, Greek Catholic priest. Because of his Russophile activities, he was persecuted by the Austrian authorities. As one of the “active members of the Russian party”, he was expelled from Lviv and deprived of his parish. He was a Slavophile, popularized Ukrainian language, for which he is now revered in the west of Ukraine.

Ivan Franko (d. 1916)

One of the most famous Ukrainian writers and poets. After his second arrest in 1880, Franco nearly died of starvation. Then for a week at the hotel, he wrote his novel “At the Bottom” and sent it to Lviv having used the last money he owned. After that, he lived for three days for three cents he found on the banks of the Prut River; that would be enough for one loaf of bread. When there were nothing left, he lay unconscious. It was old hotel attendant who saved Franco from starvation. Poet died on May 28, 1916.

Solomia Krushelnitska (d. 1952)

Monument on the grave of the famous opera singer Solomia Krushelnitska (d. 1952). She performed in the best theaters in the world. During her lifetime, Solomia Krushelnitska was recognized as an outstanding singer of the world. She possessed a voice of a wide range, outstanding in strength and beauty (about three octaves with a free middle register), musical memory (she could learn an opera role in two or three days), and a bright dramatic talent. The repertoire of the singer totaled more than 60 different role. Among her many awards and distinctions is the title “Wagnerian prima donna of XX century”. The Italian composer Giacomo Puccini presented the singer with his portrait with the inscription “to beautiful and charming Butterfly.”

Viktor Chukarin (1921–1984)

World champion and champion of two Olympic Games in gymnastics. He won 11 medals, seven of which are golden. Yakiv Chaika created a monument on his grave.

Stanislav Ludkevych (1879–1979)

Composer, folklore specialist, teacher, Doctor of musicology. His tombstone at Lychakiv Cemetery in Lviv was create in ten years after his death.

Mykola Kolessa (1903–2006)

The famous Ukrainian composer. By the way, he is the oldest Ukrainian, buried at Lychakiv Cemetery. People say that at the age of 100 years he was traveling by a bicycle.

Igor Bilozir (1955–2000)

Ukrainian composer, a poet, head of the legendary group “Vatra”. His grave you can see as soon as sign to the cemetery area — a white angel that reads music notes.

Volodymyr Ivasiuk (1949–1979)

Composer, poet, true legend of Ukrainian pop music. For a very long time, the authorities did not allowed to install the monument. The bronze composer near the grand piano appeared only in 1990.

Lychakiv Сemetery today

Many visitors to this place daily study the history of the museum. Fascinating excursions are often held here, and night walks around the cemetery are especially popular. On dark starry nights, wide illuminated alleys allow you to plunge into an unusual atmosphere full of mystery and silence. At night, everything here seems to remind us that we must behave calmly and peacefully so as not to disturb the local peace. The idea of ​​conducting night excursions appeared not by chance. Once during a memorial service in the evening, a stunning view opened in front of everyone present: hundreds of candles and icon lamps placed on tombs flickered picturesquely, like reflections of the souls of people buried here.

Tour to Lychakiv Cemetery

We offer you a walking Tour of the Lychakiv Cemetery, historical open-air cultural reserve and museum.

  • Neo-Gothic gates of eternity made of tombstones.
  • The old part of the cemetery. There we can see the old graves of the late XVIII — early XIX centuries, in particular the burial of Austrian governors.
  • We will see the Polish alley with the burial places of prominent Polish figures of Galicia.
  • We will examine the majestic chapels under which the rich families of Lviv of the 19th century rest forever.
  • The most famous burials of Ukrainian prominent leaders as well as war memorials.
  • Burial of well-known people of Austrian Lviv.

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